Artificial intelligence operates on a different plane than human reason. As described by various futuristsÂ andÂ technologists, AI is literally an â€œalien mind.â€ In advanced artificialÂ neural networks, the modes of cognitionâ€”the logical steps behind any given conclusionâ€”are completelyÂ incomprehensible, even to their creators.
The craziest part? Itâ€™s oftentimes correct.
In the coming years, this nonhuman intelligence will change everything about our personal lives, our social organization, and how we think. Thatâ€™s the premise of two books published back-to-back this yearâ€”one from the West, the other from the East.
The Age of AI: And Our Human FutureÂ is a primer on technetronic civilization for Western policy makers.
The former argues that artificial intelligence already displays unearthly powers of perception. It will soon determine the fate of nations. The latter envisions algorithms becoming quasi-spiritual entities who cradle a new humanity. These beings are â€œinevitable,â€ the authors maintain, and the risks to our freedom are profound.
As legacy humans, our choice is to either reject this alien intelligence and fall behind, or to forge a â€œhuman-AI symbiosisâ€â€”to let ethereal tentacles probe us, analyze us, and guide our evolution.
Normal people are horrified by either prospect, but thatâ€™s irrelevant. The future doesnâ€™t care about your feelings, nor do the people creating and directing it.
The American AI Bill
The central thesis ofÂ The Age of AIÂ is that artificial intelligence will soon be ubiquitous in our lives, including government. Going forward, AIâ€™s unique breed of cognition will expand our view of reality. Nothing will be the same.
This claim rests on the authority ofÂ Eric Schmidt, the man who turned Google into God;Â Henry Kissinger, former Secretary of State (1973-77) and global strategist; andÂ Daniel Huttenlocher, dean of MITâ€™s College of Computing.
The authors promise (and warn) that AI will fundamentally alter â€œscientific research, education, manufacturing, logistics, transportation, defense, law enforcement, advertising, art, [and] cultureâ€:
“The characteristics of AIâ€”including its capacities to learn, evolve, and surpriseâ€”will disrupt and transform them all. The outcome will be the alteration of human identity and human experience of reality not experienced since the dawn of the modern age.”
Already, algorithms influence our decisions about food, travel routes, cultural enjoyments, information flow, political alignment, and hiring. In the aggregate, the human race is being sifted through a subtle digital filter. When we arrive at the other end, every aspect of our existence will be reorganized.
Wisely,Â The Age of AIÂ ignores biological evolution. But algorithms are also reshuffling our mating patterns through dating appsâ€”including a few explicitly based on ourÂ genetic compatibility. In essence, future generations will be digital test tube babies, with or without direct gene-editing.
Ultimately, the greatest impact will be spiritual:
“AI promises to transform all realms of human experience. And the core of its transformations will ultimately occur at the philosophical level, transforming how humans understand reality and our role in it. … To the two traditional ways by which people have known the world, faith and reason, AI adds a third.”
After its parameters are set, aÂ deep neural networkÂ teaches itself on vast datasets. It often evolves in unexpected directions, creating accurate models that would otherwise be out of our grasp. Its primary advantages are breadth and speed. Neural networks can process massive amounts of data, collected from across the globe, in moments. This mental process can be applied to anything fromÂ molecular biologyÂ toÂ security threatsÂ toÂ forbidden memes.
“[I]t is evident that we are in the presence of another experience of reality by another sophisticated entity. … Especially in the case of AGI (artificial general intelligence), individuals may perceive godlike intelligenceâ€”a superhuman way of knowing the world and intuiting its structures and possibilities.”
Grown men and women must adapt to this evolutionary force, but kids will be cultural mutants from birth. The authors foresee children being educated by AI-powered companionsâ€”be theyÂ chatbotsÂ orÂ humanoidsâ€”who monitor their development and respond accordingly.
“If children acquire digital assistants at an early age, they will become habituated to them. At the same time, digital assistants will evolve with their owners, internalizing their preferences and biases as they mature. … [O]ur dependence on one another, on human relationships, may decrease.”
Despite these cursory warnings, the authors conclude that rejecting digital transformation as a society is â€œinfeasible.â€ Any isolated community that clings solely to faith, reason, and traditional modes of lifeâ€”whether in child-rearing or economicsâ€”will be unable to compete in this new environment.
â€œ[A]s society becomes ever more digitized, and AI ever more integrated into governments and products, its reach may prove all but inescapable.”
AI as a Data-Hungry Ghost
Adopting a global perspective,Â AI 2041Â fleshes out the spiritual impact of artificial intelligence. The book combines the technical expertise ofÂ Kai-Fu Leeâ€”CEO ofÂ Sinovation Ventures, former head of Google China, and aÂ World Economic Forum co-chairâ€”with the fictional motifs ofÂ Â Chen Quifan, whose stiff prose Iâ€™ll attribute to translation. Each chapter consists of a short story by Chen, followed by an analysis by Kai-Fu on what to expect in the next two decades.
The bookâ€™s underlying messageâ€”apparent in chapter titles like â€œGods Behind the Masks,â€ â€œMy Haunting Idol,â€ â€œThe Holy Driver,â€ and â€œThe Job Saviorâ€â€”is that AI-powered entities will satisfy religious longing.